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Dr. Kathleen Norman BScPT, PhD
Dr. Kathleen  Norman
Associate Director (Research & Post-Professional Programs)
Contact Info
Louise D. Acton Building, Room 231
Internal telephone extension: 36104
External telephone: 613-533-6104


PhD (McGill)
BScPT (Queen's)

Eligible to supervise trainees in the following programs/levels:

  • MScPT project
  • MSc (Rehabilitation Science) thesis
  • PhD (Rehabilitation Science or Aging and Health) thesis
  • DSc (Rehabilitation and Health Leadership) applied thesis
  • post-doctoral fellow

Interested prospective trainees should specify how their research interests align with my current research activities described below.


My research is currently focused on physiotherapist workforce issues and physiotherapy student education; this research encompasses demographics and history of the profession, practice patterns and assessment of competence. It also includes how physiotherapy students learn to be skilled, and how physiotherapists work in our current health care systems. I also maintain research collaborations with colleagues: one area of collaboration is primary care of people with pain conditions, especially low back pain; another area of collaboration is about narrative practice.


My principal teaching responsibility in the Physical Therapy professional entry-level program is in regard to professional practice matters. I also contribute to research project supervision for students in this program, and have previously taught about rehabilitation of people with neurological trauma or diseases. In the Rehabilitation Science graduate program, I co-lead a seminar course, and co-lead the program's open seminar series. In all three of the Rehabilitation Science, Aging and Health, and Rehabilitation and Health Leadership programs, I supervise graduate students and serve on thesis advisory and comprehensive examination committees.

Google Scholar profile:

Click here to see profile.

Recent publications (Education / Physiotherapy profession)

McLeod KE, Norman KE. "I've found it's very meaningful work": Perspectives of physiotherapists providing palliative care in Ontario. Physiother Res Int; 2019: e1802. doi:10.1002/pri.1802

Kalu ME, Switzer-McIntyre S, Quesnel M, Donnelly C, Norman KE. Clinical performance scores of internationally educated physical therapists during clinical education in a bridging programme. Physiother Can. 2019; 71(3): 271-284. doi:10.3138/ptc.2018-10.e

Kalu M, Vlachantoni A, Norman KE. Knowledge about risk factors for falls and practice about fall prevention in older adults among physiotherapists in Nigeria. Physiother Res Int. 2019;24:e1742 doi:10.1002/pri.1742

Yeldon J, Wilson R, Laferrière J, Arseneau G, Gu S, Hall M, Norman K, Yoshida K, Mori B. Let's talk about the talk: Exploring the experience of discussing student performance at mid and final points of the clinical internship. Physiother Can 2018; 70(3): 240-248. doi:10.3138/ptc.2016-96

Kalu M, Abaraogu UO, Norman KE. Do physiotherapy students demonstrate ageist attitude? A scoping review of the literature. Phys Occup Ther Geriat 2018; 36(1):72-89. doi:10.1080/02703181.2018.1440040

O'Donovan MJ, Campbell F, Norman KE. Exploring record keeping, clinical reasoning, and practice context: peer assessment findings from the perspective of situational competence. Physiother Can 2017; 69(3): 235-246. doi:10.3138/PTC.2016-35

Coghlan CM, Mallinger H, McFadden A, Richard J, Stern A, Norman KE. Demographic characteristics of applicants to, and students of, Ontario physiotherapy education programs, 2004-2014: Trends in gender, geographical location, Aboriginal identity and immigrant status. Physiother Can 2017; 69(1): 83-93 doi:10.3138/PTC.2016-23E

Green M, Norman KE. Knowledge, use and attitude about non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs) in practice: a survey of Ontario physiotherapists. Physiother Can 2016; 68(3): 230-241. doi:10.3138/ptc.2015-25

Mori B, Norman KE, Brooks D, Herold J, Beaton DE. Evidence of reliability, validity and practicality for the Canadian Physiotherapy Assessment of Clinical Performance. Physiother Can 2016, 68(2): 156-169. doi:10.3138/ptc.2014-43E

Mori B, Norman KE, Brooks D, Herold J, Beaton DE. Canadian Physiotherapy Assessment of Clinical Performance: face and content validity. Physiother Can 2016, 68(1): 64-72. doi:10.3138/ptc.2015-35E

Mori B, Brooks D, Norman KE, Herold J, Beaton DE. Development of the Canadian Physiotherapy Assessment of Clinical Performance: A new tool to assess physiotherapy students’ performance in clinical education. Physiother Can 2015; 67(3): 281-289. doi: 10.3138/ptc.2014-29E

Norman KE, O'Donovan MJ, Campbell F. Impact of College-administered quality practice assessments: a longitudinal evaluation of repeat peer assessments of continuing competence in physiotherapists. Physiother Can 2015; 67(2): 174-183 doi: 10.3138/ptc.2014-21

Jones J, Norman K, Saunders S. Trends and Drivers of Change in Physiotherapy in Ontario in 2014. Provided to the College of Physiotherapists of Ontario, 2014 August. Available from:

Norman KE, Booth R. Observations and performances with distinction by physical therapy students in clinical education: analysis of check-boxes on the Physical Therapist Clinical Performance Instrument (PT-CPI) over a 4 year period. Physiother Can 2015; 67(1): 17–29. doi: 10.3138/ptc.2013-64

Norman KE, Booth R, Chisholm B, Ellerton C, Jelley W, MacPhail A, Mooney PE, Mori B, Taipalus L, Thomas BK. Physiotherapists and physiotherapy student placements across regions in Ontario: a descriptive comparison. Physiother Can 2013; 65(1): 64-73. doi: 10.3138/ptc.2011-63

Recent publications (Primary care)

French SD, Green ME, Bhatia RS, Peng Y, Hayden JA, Hartvigsen J, Ivers NM, Grimshaw JM, Booth CM, Rühland L, Norman KE. Imaging use for low back pain by Ontario primary care clinicians: protocol for a mixed methods study - The Back ON study. BMC Musculoskelet Disord. 2019;20:50. doi:10.1186/s12891-019-2427-1

Miller J, Barber D, Donnelly C, French S, Green M, Hill J, MacDermid J, Marsh J, Norman K, Richardson J, Taljaard M, Wideman T, Cooper L, McPhee C. Determining the impact of a new physiotherapist led primary care model for back pain – Protocol for a pilot cluster randomized controlled trial. Trials 2017; 18(1): 526. doi:10.1186/s13063-017-2279-7

Recent Publications (Rehabilitation / Neuroscience)

Gupta S, Jaiswal A, Norman K, DePaul V. Heterogeneity and its impact on rehabilitation outcomes and interventions for community reintegration in people with spinal cord injuries: An Integrative Review. Top Spinal Cord Inj Rehabil. 2019:25(2):164-185. doi:10.1310/sci2502-164.

Sulaiman S, Finlayson M, Norman K, Aldersey H, DePaul V. Content comparison among commonly used self-reported fatigue instruments in post-polio syndrome. Critical Reviews in Physical and Rehabilitation Medicine 2018; 30(1): 77-92. doi:10.1615/CritRevPhysRehabilMed.2018025217

Dassah E, Aldersey HM, Norman KE. Photovoice and persons with physical disabilities: a scoping review of the literature. Qualitative Health Research, 2017; 27(9):1412-1422. doi:10.1177/1049732316687731

Bourke TC, Lowrey CR, Dukelow SP, Bagg SD, Norman KE, Scott SH. A robot-based behavioural task to quantify impairments in rapid motor decisions and actions after stroke. J Neuroeng Rehabil 2016; 13:91.

Bourke TC, Coderre AM, Bagg SD, Dukelow SP, Norman KE, Scott SH. Impaired corrective responses to postural perturbations of the arm in individuals with subacute stroke. J Neuroeng Rehabil 2015; 12: 7. doi: 10.1186/1743-0003-12-7

Norman KE, Héroux ME.
Measures of fine motor skills in people with tremor disorders: appraisal and interpretation. Front Neurol  2013: 4: 50. doi: 10.3389/fneur.2013.00050

Norman KE, D'Amboise SN, Pari G, Héroux ME. Tremor during movement correlates well with disability in people with essential tremor. Mov Disord 2011: 26: 2088-94. doi:10.1002/mds.23811

Héroux ME, Pari G, Norman KE. The effect of inertial loading on wrist kinetic tremor and rhythmic muscle activity in individuals with essential tremor. Clin Neurophysiol 2011; 122: 1794-1801. doi:10.1016/j.clinph.2010.10.050

Héroux ME, Pari G, Norman KE. The effect of contraction intensity on force fluctuations and motor unit entrainment in individuals with essential tremor. Clin Neurophysiol 2010; 121: 233-239. doi:10.1016/j.clinph.2009.10.015

Héroux ME, Pari G, Norman KE. The effect of inertial loading on wrist postural tremor in essential tremor. Clin Neurophysiol 2009; 120: 1020-1029. doi:10.1016/j.clinph.2009.03.012

Coderre AM, Zeid AA, Dukelow SP, Demmer MJ, Moore KD, Demers MJ, Bretzke H, Herter TM, Glasgow JI, Norman KE, Bagg SD, Scott SH. Assessment of upper-limb sensorimotor function of subacute stroke subjects using visually-guided reaching. Neurorehabil Neural Repair 2010; 24: 528-41. doi:10.1177/1545968309356091

Dukelow SP, Herter TM, Moore KD, Demers MJ, Glasgow JI, Bagg SD, Norman KE, Scott SH. Quantitative assessment of limb position sense following stroke. Neurorehabil Neural Repair 2010; 24: 178-187. doi:10.1177/1545968309345267

Parisi SL, Héroux ME, Culham EG, Norman KE. Functional mobility and postural control in essential tremor. Arch Phys Med Rehabil 2006; 87: 1357-1364. doi:10.1016/j.apmr.2006.07.255

Héroux ME, Parisi SL, Larocerie-Salgado J, Norman KE. Upper-extremity disability in essential tremor. Arch Phys Med Rehabil 2006; 87: 661-670. doi:10.1016/j.apmr.2006.01.017

Jiang Y, Norman KE. Effects of visual and auditory cues on gait initiation in people with Parkinson's disease. Clin Rehabil 2006; 20: 36-45. doi:10.1191/0269215506cr925a